On April 20th, the first unmanned public transportation analysis report – “China’s first 5G unmanned bus line operation report” released.
According to statistics, the national first normal operation 5G unmanned bus lines deployed by China Mobile and Light Ascension – Suzhou Q1 Road has been operated for more than 5 months, accompanied by more than 11,000 low carbon travel.
The report also pointed out that China’s public road in operation is 54.6 kilometers in operation, ranking first in the world, and is 8.6 times the second United States.
“China’s first 5G unmanned bus line operation report” is launched by the CB Insights China team, China Mobile, and the smhettica.
CB Insights is a world-renowned market data research platform and authoritative think library. China Mobile is China’s largest mobile communication operator. It is a head enterprise in unmanned field, and there are unmanned bus lines.
The report comprehensively analyzed the operation of Suzhou Unmanned Bus Q1 Road, China Microcirculation Public Transport Definition, Light Ascension, Migrant No Birds, Operations, and Operations of Unmanned Bus.
The founder of the soft boat, the founder, CEO introduces the road, unmanned bus is an emerging thing, providing initial operation data, analyzing the operation status, can provide reference for further expansion of the national unmanned bus operations, faster Unmanned into people’s lives.
1. Chinese unmanned drive land “public transport first”
The report is compared from the number of unmanned bus and unmanned passenger, and the unmanned bus Q1 roads in Suzhou provide 58 order services per day in the number of unmanned bus Q1, which operates in Suzhou.
In China, an unattended unmanned taxis provides nearly 10 order services per day per day, and this number is 4.85 times in the US.
Unmanned rent is generally used in sedan, with small passengers.
Under the pressure of existing cost, the capable of supporting the area is limited, and it is impossible to pay directly by the passengers to the vehicle and operating costs.
In contrast, the unmanned bus is mostly based on microcirculation bus, and the dragon boat one launched by soft boat is as an example. It uses less than six meters, which can be flexible to set up a line of travel. It is suitable for narrow neighborhoods. More social benefits.
With the maturity of automatic driving technology, China’s urban administrators gradually realize that there is a non-people who meet public travel needs to truly suitable for China.
As in domestic and developed high-speed rail, subway and bus networks, the efficient and safe public travels is in the refined management of the city.
Therefore, in the floor mode, the United States emphasizes the landing of unattended, China is emphasizing land in public travel, and also more focused on “microcirculation”.
On December 30, 2020, the Ministry of Transport issued the “Guidance Opinions on Promoting the Development and Application of Road Traffic Automatic Driving Technology”, encouraged automatic driving to conduct business operations to explore, and passenger transportation “” public transport “.
Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Data Summary The current situation and trend of public transport:
The decline in bus passenger flow and the rise in bus input are a major pain in the industry;
The aging of the bus driver and the frequent transmission of the bus accident are a major problem in the industry.
The intelligent operation of the bus network, the calculation and prediction of travel time is the only way to “public transport priority” “public transport excellent”.
The intelligent network bus is a solution to the pain points and difficulties of the bus industry and the dictation of the industry.
In his view, the “Dewei” application of the microcirculation automatic driving bus, BRT car collaborative bus, etc. Intelligent Net bus, the application is the wise move that is currently promoting the intelligent network bus.
2, microcirculation bus aiming at the city “last three kilometers”
In the city, the traffic flows from the end of the city’s main road, flowing through the microcirculation road system of the branch, and then ejects from the microcirculation road system to other trunks, which is a urban road traffic microcirculation.
According to the third quarter of 2018, “China’s Main Urban Transportation Analysis Report” shows:
Most of Beijing’s rapid use rates are as high as 100%, and the average congestion rate exceeds 60%, while the average congestion rate of the secondary or branch is only about 30%, which can play a good shunt effect.
Two major roles in urban road traffic microcirculation:
The first is to make full use of the existing road resources, resolve the traffic demand generated in the area, promote the diversification of travel mode and travel path selection;
The second is to resolve the internal traffic demand of the region, guide the main traffic flow to the microcirculation road network through the reasonable traffic microcirculation structure, thereby alleviating traffic pressure on the main road of the region. Urban bus microcirculation is the application of traffic microcirculation in public transportation, and can evacuate traffic flow in time can also ensure the fast and efficient public transportation system.
At present, domestic microcirculation bus applications are ushered in the outbreak period.
On March 1, 2021, Shenzhen Bus Group opened 8 new shuttle bus lines, and each line relying on the subway station for connecting, serving large-scale communities, high-tech industrial parks, etc., and set greetings. Station, take the way to stop, press the ring.
Such lines are high frequent, short lines, and fast turnover, which greatly meets the needs of passengers.
In addition, the subway connection line has also been used in Shenzhen. After opening of Metro No. 6, 10, Shenzhen has opened 11 bus attachment lines.
Recently, cities such as Dongguan, Guangzhou, Fuzhou, Suzhou are also vigorously developing microcirculation bus and subway interface.
During this broke out, Dragon boat one with intelligence and netizenal features is important role.
On the one hand, the fixed driving route within the support is supported, and the site is set up as required to meet the daily short road travel.
On the other hand, point-to-point joint core transportation hub, commercial office area, shopping center, residential community, or applied to scenic spots, conference centers, industrial parks, high-tech parks and other places.
According to Jiang Xin, deputy general manager of the smart transportation products of China Mobile Shanghai Industrial Research Institute, accompanied by integration of 5G, Beidou, artificial intelligence, big data and other technologies, urban traffic gradually achieve refined operations and management.
The microcirculation bus is a new model of traffic travel in the traditional operations of urban transportation.
For the multi-diversity travel needs, focusing on bus network can provide higher degrees of freedom services, while effective balancing transportation efficiency and operating costs, it is expected to become the main direction of future bus breaks.
3, the country has seven urban deployment public road unmanned bus
According to reports, China has 7 unmanned bus routes in public road operations in 7 urban cities in Suzhou, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Zhengzhou, Guangzhou, Haikou.
Among them, Suzhou’s public road unmanned bus route is ranked first in 15.3 kilometers, 53% from the second Chongqing market.
Dai Yifan, Assistant, Dean of the Suzhou Automobile Research Institute, Tsinghua University, said that Suzhou has been exploring the best application scenarios of 5G and automatic driving as a national 5G car network demonstration city.
In addition to Suzhou Unmanned Bus Q1 Road, Suzhou has now opened unmanned bus Q2 and Q4 roads.
This year will deploy at least 4 5G unmanned bus lines, covering 9.8 square kilometers around the high-speed railway city.
And from the early boat, Master’s premature plan, the user portrait:
Suzhou citizens single experience users are the largest, and most will try no people.
Shenzhen citizens share the most, and the average mileage is mostly easy to accept unmanned bus.
Shao Yuan, Dean of Shenzhen Transportation Center Research Institute, believes:
Shenzhen is drafting “Shenzhen Special Economic Zone Intelligent Network Automobile Management Regulations” can provide legal basis for the operation of the intelligent network car, providing legal space for technical mature application scenarios, clear and safe risk supervision mechanisms, promoting intelligent networks The automotive industry is healthy and orderly development, driving the capital from the one-way input to input to output good cyclic transitions.
The report also predicted the development speed of unmanned bus in the future. It is estimated that by 2022, the number of unmanned bus lines will exceed 60, and the upper and lower stops will reach 300, and no bus route is 300 kilometers.
3, 5g car road collaborative allows no public transport more convenient and safe
According to reports, the Suzhou unmanned bus Q1 route has deployed more than 130 intelligent network perception equipment, covering 12 intersections.
Operation line area 5G network transmission rate reaches 500 mbps, delayed within 15 milliseconds.
Through China Mobile 5G network, no public transport can get the phase and time information of all intersection of all intersection of continuous direct line sections, when the unmanned bus is close to the first intersection of the green wave passage, the driver of the unmanned driving system will combine the path And traffic light information, you can get the best speed, avoiding the brakes due to temporary shifting lights, reducing the waiting time through the intersection. Since the unmanned bus belongs to public travel, you can have a higher rolling power, and you can also set up a bus dedicated traffic light.
Road-end equipment can pass the vehicle speed, location, driving state of the special bus, when the device is perceived that the unmanned public transport is about to arrive:
If it is a green light state, the green lamp is extended for a certain period of time;
If this is the red light state, the red light is shortened for a certain period of time, so that the traffic lanterns will basically be unified in the green light.
Combined with the intelligent automatic adjustment of the best car speed of the unmanned bus, it can greatly improve the convenience of public travel.
Based on China Mobile Auto Road, the Dragon Boat ONE, the Dragon Boat ONE, which can be deployed by the China Mobile Auto Road, can get the construction section of the road in real time, and the logo signage information can also achieve 5G super-visual awareness, and the road traffic participants in the distance. Situation, take a good road decision plan, control vehicle compliance with logo rules, avoid accidents and violations, and ensure safety.
The report pointed out that Suzhou 5G unmanned bus has passed a variety of 5G car roads, saving the passengers about 8% of travel time, reducing the negative ride experience of approximately 10% of passengers, such as scrass, emergency avoidance, etc.
The deputy general manager of Nanjing Les Nets Technology Research Institute Co., Ltd. pointed out that the depth integration of 5G, road synergy and automatic driving technology has become the industry consensus in China’s intelligent network.
Vigorously develop unmanned microcirculation bus, which helps to solve the “last three kilometers” of wisdom travel, and the “first three kilometers” of C-V2x automatic driving from ideal in reality.
Through the network linkage, intelligent management and normalization operations, multi-party participation in joint building “technology”, “participating in the” Temperature “and” Temperature “, will be promoted, will promote public travel efficiency, safety, comfort The level is fully improved, helping China’s intelligent network of automobile industries.